We acknowledge the support of the Canada Council for the Arts in this commission and recording project.
Velvet - for Marimba Quartet (Sam Houston Percussion Ensemble)
toile de jouy - for solo harpsichord (wesley Shen)
Processing Times - for Chamber Ensemble (Naked eye Ensemble)
Kandinsky - Soprano and Toy Piano
Performed by ICE (Alice Teyssier), and New Music Detroit (Vicky Chow). Commissioned by Riot Ensemble (UK).
Damask - Xenia PEstova (Toy piano) and Shawn Mativetsky (tabla)
Houndstooth - Barbara Pritchard (solo piano)
chain maille (Percussion Quartet)
Premiered October 29, 2015 at Sam Houston University, Texas
Sam Houston Percussion Group: Casey Garcia Joel Garza Hannah Talton Kin Lam Lam
chain maille (otherwise known as mail) is a type of armour consisting of small metal rings linked together in a pattern to form a protective mesh. With an exclusively metal timbral palette, this percussion quartet explores the concept of chain maille from several entry points – using the mesh pattern as fodder for musical material, examining associations of its medieval history, and most directly, using a chain maille hood as a percussion instrument. chain maille also investigates the idea of armour – the heavy armour we carry to protect against harm, both physical and emotional.
chain maille is the first in a set of a multiple-work piece based on the history and associations of various textiles/patterns. In each of these works, the textile or pattern is used both as inspiration (history, tone, physical characteristics) and as a physically present element, either visually or sonically. chain maille was written for the Sam Houston Percussion Group under the direction of John Lane.
Leda Songs - Talisker PLayers and Andrea Ludwig
One-act opera for two mezzos and tenor Libretto by Traix Heiden Written for the Opera Presto project, 2015 Presented by New Fangled Opera, New Orleans, LA "Space, on the ship Persephone, approaching Jupiter (to use it as a gravity sling) on the first manned voyage to Pluto. Jupiter looms ahead, many moons already visible. An asteroid is caught by the planet's gravity. It hurtles inward and explodes before it can disappear beneath the swirling gas.
Seina stands at the display, watching as she speaks to the NASA dispatcher in Houston...."
Performance by Sharon Lee, violin, Wesley Shen, piano Audio by Paul Hodge Video by Alison Gray
cognitive dissonance is for violin, piano, and Anthony T. Marasco’s instrument invention of amplified springs, the Oxblood. I met Anthony at the UnCaged Toy Piano Festival in New York City, where he demonstrated an array of invented instruments. Marasco describes the instrument: "The Oxblood is an electro-acoustic instrument consisting of four springs amplified by contact microphones. Each spring consists of a different thickness and tension and is suspended across the instrument’s solid wooden body, attached to steel L-shaped brackets. A handmade contact microphone is attached to each set of brackets in order to directly amplify the vibrations of the performers’ interactions with each spring. The performer can excite the Oxblood’s springs through various scraping, plucking, bending, and snapping techniques."
Posited by Leon Festinger, cognitive dissonance is a psychological concept whereby someone holds two competing beliefs at the same time. These inconsistent cognitions are said to be dissonant, and cause an individual to feel “psychologically uncomfortable”, with a drive to find a way to make these two beliefs consistent, or consonant. When I first learned this term, I found the concept to be fascinating, because so often decision-making requires so many compromises and concessions, and this concept illustrates that feeling of tension when two deep beliefs cannot be reconciled into a singular entity. I love the possible musical implications that emanate from this rich concept – two musical ideas are independent but cannot merge; one idea must be sacrificed for another; the dissonance that exists between two elements. With the Oxblood as an external representation of the underlying psychological discomfort, both the violin and piano try and make sense of the various ideas in their own ways and with their own concessions.
cognitive dissonance was written for Cheryl Duvall and Ilana Waniuk for the “Premieres III” concert of the Thin Edge New Music Collective.
Performance by Angela Schwarzkopf Video by Alison Gray Audio by John S. Gray
"attach" started out as a very simple idea, clean, considered and well thought out. But even simple ideas are not immune to inertia, and the core drive of the idea began to evolve, complicate, unhinge, and tangle in on itself. attach is about reserve and abandon, about the need for order to exist with the beauty of chaos, and about the discrepancies between what is, what is supposed to be, and everything in between. "attach" was written for Angela Schwarzkopf for the Toy Piano Composers' concert Tension/Resolution.
Margaret Leng Tan and Monica Pearce
Performed by Margaret Leng Tan, December 14th, 2013
The toy piano has been intertwined in many of my creative projects for the past several years, as I am continually inspired by its bright, percussive tone, its slightly fringe tuning, and its playful connotations as a concert instrument. For this project, I paired the toy piano with three pitched bicycle bells. What attracted me to the bicycle bells, in addition to the vibrant timbral possibilities, was the “everyday” aspect: for many people, including myself as a biker, the sound of bicycle bells is part of their everyday sound world.
The main motivator of the piece is the spinning out of ornate, unpredictable lines, interpolated with tremolo bicycle bells. The already unusual timbral world of the toy piano is expanded with the three (perky? ominous?) bicycle bells. The piece hides up in the high frequency rafters, touching down briefly here and there to relieve some of the suspension.
clangor, for toy piano and bicycle bells, was written Margaret Leng Tan for the 2013 UnCaged Toy Piano Festival.
In the forest, glow.
In the forest, glow. is based on the illustration Don't Feed the Deer by Brandon James Scott, a Toronto-based artist and also a good friend of mine. His works have a decidedly playful feel to them, especially in his work with animation and illustration. Animals are a frequent subject, often popping up in unusual settings, such as kitchens, bars, and rock arenas. I was originally enamored with Don't Feed the Deer because it has a mysterious, magical, and yet almost foreboding quality to it. Scott says of the work: "When I originally made it... I wanted to make something dreamlike, fantasy-based: the colours, the glows, the design of the world. But are we walking down this path, are we supposed to see what's beyond it? Are we meant to observe but not touch things, because of a hidden danger? Are there always deep dark fears lying hidden amidst beauty?"
Anthony Thompson, bass clarinet Dan Morphy, percussion Wesley Shen, piano
passive aggressive - defensive - contempt - stonewalling is a four-movement work depicting the four destructive emotions that can unravel the delicate framework of relationships. I was inspired by Malcolm Gladwell's book Blink, and especially a chapter that featured a psychological experiment by John Gottman. In the "love lab" experiment, Gottman videotaped over three thousand married couples having brief (and often mundane) conversations, and analyzed every conceivable emotion that occurred in these interactions, using an elaborate coding system. Reading every possible emotional nuance in people's facial expressions, Gottman annotated instances of disgust, sadness, neutrality, anger, etc. Gladwell writes, "On the basis of those calculations, Gottman has proven something remarkable. If he analyzes an hour of a husband and wife talking, he can predict with 95 percent accuracy whether that couple will still be married fifteen years later." Through this research, Gottman categorized the "four horsemen" that are the most predictive in failed relationships: criticism, defensiveness, contempt and stonewalling.
Through these short snapshots, I attempted to capture the essence of each emotion through musical forces. Replacing criticism with passive aggressiveness, the first movement features the flute as the passive aggressive force -- all sinewy sheen, a smile that doesn't quite reach the eyes. defensive features the clarinet in a whiny, bristly list full of excuses, leading us emotionally to contempt, where the violin and piano spit out attacks and barbs. The piece ends with stonewalling, where wordless strings come up against an unmovable barrier.
Patrick Murray, conductor Katherine Watson, flute Anthony Thompson, clarinet Wesley Shen, piano Sharon Lee, violin Adam Scime, double bass
Cake, is a comedic operetta featuring Maureen Batt, Marta Herman, and Jeremy Ludwig, and accompanied by Wesley Shen (piano) and Katherine Watson (flute). This was premiered in January 2012 in the Toy Piano Composers concert Opera Scenesters. I "savored" every bit of this piece - it was so much fun to write, rehearse and present!
The second, smart aleck, is a piece for solo toy piano that I wrote for Pascal Meyer, a toy piano enthusiast from the Netherlands. I met Pascal when I was the emergency page-turner for his piano duo concert in Toronto at Gallery 345 last year. After bonding over a shared love of toy pianos, he later asked me if I had anything for solo toy piano for an upcoming concert. The only piece I had was specifically written for a female performer, so I decided (as I often do): Why not write a new piece for toy piano?
List of Works
chain maille (2015) - percussion quartet 8'
basement apartments (2013) - for double bass and piano
it plays (because it plays) (2013) - six-hand piano trio and electronics
microexpressions (2013) - alto trombone and piano
connotations (2013) - flute, clarinet, toy piano, violin and cello
In the forest, glow. (2012) - bass clarinet, piano and percussion